Irkutsk Tourist Attractions - Russia

Irkutsk Tourist Attractions – Russia

Polish Church

The brick, Roman Catholic Church was built on the site of the burned down wooden church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose parishioners were mainly exiled Poles who were exiled to Siberia after the uprising in 1830. Work continued from 1881 to 1884. This church is the only building of the Gothic architectural style in Irkutsk. After the restoration, the organ hall of the Irkutsk Philharmonic Society was opened in the Polish Church.

Polish Church Landmark of Irkutsk
Polish Church Landmark of Irkutsk

White House in Irkutsk

The house was built by the sons of the Irkutsk merchant Sibiryakov in 1804. This building soon became known as the Sibiryakov Palace. The White House has been the richest and most majestic building in Irkutsk for over 100 years, and even now it makes an indelible impression on travelers. In 1837, the building was purchased as a residence for the Governor – General of Eastern Siberia. Since 1939, the White House has been serving as a scientific library of Irkutsk State University.

White House Irkutsk Tours in Eastern Siberia
White House Irkutsk Tours in Eastern Siberia

Monument to Alexander III

The Monument to Alexander III was erected in 1908 in honor of the completion of the construction of the Siberian railway. The area around the monument has become one of the city’s favorite public recreational areas. In 1920, the bronze sculpture of the emperor was removed from the pedestal. ESSD pledged to restore the monument to the 100th anniversary of the Transsib, which was done in 2003, the emperor again took his place on the pedestal.

The monument consists of the figure of Alexander III, standing on top of a pedestal. The pedestal made of red Finnish granite is decorated with sculptural portraits of three people who were directly involved in the conquest of Siberia: Ermak (date of birth unknown – 1585), the chieftain of the kosh. He did a lot with his campaigns of 1581-1585 to annex Siberia to Russia. Mikhail Speransky (1772-1839), Russian statesman, count, author of many bills and reforms in the early 19th century. In 1819 he was appointed Governor-General of Siberia, where he initiated a reform in the management of the region.

Upon returning to St. Petersburg in 1821, he became one of the founders of the Siberian Committee for Russian Affairs beyond the Urals. Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky (1809-1881), Count, Russian statesman, diplomat. As governor of the Yenisei province, governor-general of Eastern Siberia between 1847 and 1861, he did much for the development and study of Eastern Siberia. He contributed to the development of the region, the expansion of trade with the support of geographical and exploration expeditions, and was also an emissary of Russia and signed a Treaty with China in 1858. (more…)

Marble Cave, Chatyr-Dag - Crimea

Marble Cave, Chatyr-Dag – Crimea

Marble Cave
Marble Cave

The Marble Cave is the main attraction of Chatyr-Dag Mountain. The cave is located on the lower plateau of the massif. It is part of a complex of 3 equipped caves on Chatyr-Dag. The Marble Cave in Crimea is considered one of the most beautiful in the world.

Marble Cave 2
Marble Cave

Marble Cave – underground fairy tale 

The Marble Cave at Chatyr-Dag was discovered in 1987. After 2 years, it was opened to tourists. The story of the discovery of the cave is unlike the traditional tales of speleological expeditions. A shepherd who was looking for a lost sheep on the slopes discovered the cave, which was then called “Afghan woman”. Although its official opening is considered to be an expedition of Simferopol cavers.

Marble Cave 3
Marble Cave

The name “Marble” cave got when it was established that about 90% of its surface is marbled limestone. The entrance to it is located at an altitude of 920 meters. The cave arose millions of years ago due to the erosion of rocks.

Marble Cave 4
Marble Cave

Marble Cave (Crimea): excursion halls

The Marble Cave in Crimea consists of several halls located at different levels. The upper level includes the following rooms:

  • Gallery of fairy tales – the beginning of all routes. Here are located the Master of the Cave, Santa Claus, Elephant, Mammoth and even the Frog Princess, frozen in stone.
  • The tiger course is a side branch of the cave, 400 meters long. It was opened in 1990 and named after the remains of an animal mistaken for a saber-toothed tiger. Then it turned out that it was just a cave lion, but the name was left the same. The decoration of the Tiger Run is more beautiful than the rest.
  • Reconstruction hall, 150 meters long, the hallmark of which is the Minaret. Also here you can find stalagmites Zombie and Dragon.
  • The palace hall, where the figures of the king and queen are located. This is the last excursion hall in this part of the cave.
  • The clay hall, which is not included in the excursion route. (more…)
Kamchatka Peninsula - Russia

Kamchatka Peninsula – Russia

Kamchatka Peninsula Russia
Kamchatka Peninsula Russia

Kamchatka is an amazingly beautiful peninsula in the north-east of Russia. It is a geologically very active region and at the same time one of the most aesthetically rich places on the planet. The nature of Kamchatka is a national and world heritage, therefore it is protected by law. The most significant sites are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Kamchatka Peninsula Russia 2
Kamchatka Peninsula Russia

Harmony of ice and fire

The diversity of the Kamchatka Peninsula landscape is breathtaking. Smoking vents of active volcanoes, glaciers in extinct craters, fast mountain rivers that form impressive waterfalls, cedar dwarf trees and stone-birch forests, alpine meadows full of bright flowers, fields with hot healing springs, geysers and furamols erupting from the ground – all this is next to each other, whimsically combining and creating a beautiful picture. The creative power of nature created here harmony from contrasts.

Kamchatka Peninsula Russia 3
Kamchatka Peninsula Russia

In Kamchatka Peninsula, you can look into the mouth of a volcano

Kamchatka Peninsula is a territory of active volcanism. Whichever direction you look, your eyes will certainly fall on the mountains. They have a very ancient origin, survived more than one powerful eruption, until they froze, forming a majestic picture. Almost three dozen volcanoes remain active to this day. Due to constant eruptions and earthquakes, the landscape of Kamchatka is changing.

Kamchatka Peninsula Volcanoes
Kamchatka Peninsula Volcanoes

Tourists who come here have a unique opportunity to climb volcanoes, look into their craters, see glaciers and mountain lakes in them, and, walking along the slope, feel the living breath of a fiery mountain. The routes were worked out so that an ordinary person could easily climb in a few hours. You can also admire the volcanoes from the air. During the helicopter excursions, an amazing chance is given to literally look into the mouth of an active volcano. (more…)

Altai Nature Reserve - Russia

Altai Nature Reserve – Russia

Altai Nature Reserve
Altai Nature Reserve

The Altai Nature Reserve, created in 1932, occupies the territory of the Ulagan and Turochak regions of the Altai Republic, with a total area of ​​871206 hectares, which leaves 10% of the entire territory of the Altai Republic. This is one of the largest reserves in Russia. The Nature Reserve has an elongated shape and, with an average width of about 35 km, extends in the meridional direction for more than 200 km.

Altai Nature Reserve 2
Altai Nature Reserve

Altai Nature Reserve, in accordance with the geomorphological zoning of the forestry territory, belongs to the Altai province of the Altai-Sayan mountainous country. The territory of the Altai Nature Reserve includes five physical and geographical regions of three natural provinces. Almost all natural belts of Gorny Altai are distinguished in the spectrum of altitudinal zonation. Forests cover 34% of the total area of ​​the main zone.

Altai Nature Reserve 3
Altai Nature Reserve

Difficult relief with heights of up to 3500 m, various climatic and natural-historical conditions create a significant diversity of the vegetation cover of the Altai Nature Reserve. The predominant part of it (62% of the total area) belongs to the highlands, 36% to the forest belt, and only 2% of the territory falls on the forest-steppe.

Altai Nature Reserve 4
Altai Nature Reserve

Altai Nature Reserve

The reserve has a dense hydrographic network. Most of the rivers belong to the basins of Lake Teletskoye and the Chulyshman River, the main river of the Eastern Altai. Rapids and waterfalls are typical for rivers. The most famous of them are the Korbu waterfall (the height of the fall is 12.8 meters.) And the Uchar water slope on the Chulcha River – a 160-meter cascade of waterfalls. (more…)