Top 10 Medieval Castles in Europe

Top 10 Medieval Castles in Europe

1. Heidelberg Castle (Germany)

Nestled among the green hills of Baden-Württemberg and crowning the old medieval city of Heidelberg, Heidelberg Medieval Castle is one of Germany’s most remarkable romantic sights. The first mention of the castle dates back to 1225. The castle ruins are one of the most important Renaissance structures north of the Alps. For many years, Heidelberg Castle was the seat of the Palatine Counts, who were accountable only to the emperor.

Heidelberg Castle
Heidelberg Castle

2. Hohensalzburg Castle (Austria)

One of the largest medieval castles in Europe, located on Mount Festung, at an altitude of 120 meters, near Salzburg. During its existence, Hohensalzburg Castle was repeatedly rebuilt and fortified, gradually turning into a powerful, impregnable fortress.In the 19th century, the castle was used as a warehouse, military barracks and a prison. The first mention of the castle dates back to the 10th century.

Hohensalzburg Castle
Hohensalzburg Castle

3. Bran Castle (Romania)

Located almost in the center of Romania, this medieval castle gained its worldwide fame thanks to Hollywood, it is believed that Count Dracula lived in this castle. The Bran Castle is a national monument and the main attraction of Romania. The first mention of the castle dates back to the 13th century.

Bran Castle
Bran Castle

4. Alcázar de Segovia (Spain)

This majestic stone fortress is located near the city of Segovia in Spain and is one of the most famous castles of the Iberian Peninsula. It was his special shape that inspired Walt Disney to recreate Cinderella’s castle in his cartoon. The Alcázar de Segovia (castle) was originally built as a fortress, but served as a royal palace, prison, royal artillery school and military academy. It is currently used as a museum and storage site for the Spanish military archives. The first mention of the castle dates back to 1120, it was built during the reign of the Berber dynasty. (more…)