Marble Cave, Chatyr-Dag - Crimea

Marble Cave, Chatyr-Dag – Crimea

Marble Cave
Marble Cave

The Marble Cave is the main attraction of Chatyr-Dag Mountain. The cave is located on the lower plateau of the massif. It is part of a complex of 3 equipped caves on Chatyr-Dag. The Marble Cave in Crimea is considered one of the most beautiful in the world.

Marble Cave 2
Marble Cave

Marble Cave – underground fairy tale 

The Marble Cave at Chatyr-Dag was discovered in 1987. After 2 years, it was opened to tourists. The story of the discovery of the cave is unlike the traditional tales of speleological expeditions. A shepherd who was looking for a lost sheep on the slopes discovered the cave, which was then called “Afghan woman”. Although its official opening is considered to be an expedition of Simferopol cavers.

Marble Cave 3
Marble Cave

The name “Marble” cave got when it was established that about 90% of its surface is marbled limestone. The entrance to it is located at an altitude of 920 meters. The cave arose millions of years ago due to the erosion of rocks.

Marble Cave 4
Marble Cave

Marble Cave (Crimea): excursion halls

The Marble Cave in Crimea consists of several halls located at different levels. The upper level includes the following rooms:

  • Gallery of fairy tales – the beginning of all routes. Here are located the Master of the Cave, Santa Claus, Elephant, Mammoth and even the Frog Princess, frozen in stone.
  • The tiger course is a side branch of the cave, 400 meters long. It was opened in 1990 and named after the remains of an animal mistaken for a saber-toothed tiger. Then it turned out that it was just a cave lion, but the name was left the same. The decoration of the Tiger Run is more beautiful than the rest.
  • Reconstruction hall, 150 meters long, the hallmark of which is the Minaret. Also here you can find stalagmites Zombie and Dragon.
  • The palace hall, where the figures of the king and queen are located. This is the last excursion hall in this part of the cave.
  • The clay hall, which is not included in the excursion route. (more…)
Mammoth Cave, Kentucky - United States

Mammoth Cave, Kentucky – United States

Mammoth Cave Kentucky
Mammoth Cave Kentucky

Mammoth Cave is located in the USA National Park, Kentucky and is the longest cave system in the world. Its total length is 650 km, and its depth is 124 m below sea level.

Mammoth Cave Kentucky 2
Mammoth Cave Kentucky

The age of this cave system is 10 million years. The first inhabitants of the Mammoth Cave were the autochthonous population of Kentucky – the Indians. They used it as a shelter from bad weather and predatory animals. The Indians buried their dead tribesmen in deep grottoes.

Mammoth Cave (Kentucky) – At the end of the 18th century, this large cave became known to the white population of America.

Mammoth Cave Kentucky 3
Mammoth Cave Kentucky

Until 1814, it was used for industrial purposes. Later it housed a tuberculosis sanatorium.

Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky

In 1941, the Mammoth Cave National Park (Kentucky) was opened here, the territory of which covers 214 km 2.

Mammoth Cave Kentucky 4
Mammoth Cave Kentucky

Mammoth Cave (Kentucky) – The territory of the complex is so large that in its bowels it contains lakes and rivers, the largest of which is Echo. Fish, crayfish and shrimps are found in its waters. (more…)

Hang Son Doong Cave - Vietnam

Hang Son Doong Cave – Vietnam

Son Doong Cave
Son Doong Cave

In the center of Vietnam’s Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park is the world’s largest cave, Hang Son Doong Cave. This amazing underground kingdom was discovered in 2009 by a group of British cavers led by Howard Limbert.

Son Doong Cave 2
Son Doong Cave

Hang Son Doong Cave is located in the heart of the dense jungle. Its location was shown to researchers by a local farmer. The first descent into the cave did not impress the cavers – they decided that the dimensions of Hang Son Doong are only 150 meters long and 60 meters wide. However, further research made a real revolution in the field of modern speleology.

Son Doong Cave 3
Son Doong Cave

Hang Son Doong Cave has a very narrow entrance (10 by 30 meters) through which a strong stream of air breaks through. It was he who prompted the researchers to think that there could be a large cave here. Hearing the sound of an underground river, cavers began to move deeper into the cave, as a result of which they discovered its incredibly huge size.

Son Doong Cave 4
Son Doong Cave

Although the locals had long known about the existence of this cave, the strong wind and the noise of the mountain river flowing in its depths frightened them, so no one was studying these places. When they first entered Hang Son Doong Cave, a group of British explorers spent four days traveling through its gigantic halls. (more…)

Waitomo Glowworm Caves - New Zealand

Waitomo Glowworm Caves – New Zealand

Waitomo Glowworm Caves New Zealand
Waitomo Glowworm Caves New Zealand

On the North Island of New Zealand, near the town of Waitomo, there are Waitomo Glowworm Caves “Firefly Caves”, attracting many tourists to these places. This New Zealand attraction owes its popularity to a large colony of fireflies that inhabit caves.

Waitomo Glowworm Caves
Waitomo Glowworm Caves New Zealand

History of Waitomo Glowworm Caves

For the first time, Tang Tinoro, the former ruler of the local Maori people, began to explore the Waitomo Glowworm Caves “firefly caves”, New Zealand. The local residents have long known about the existence of unusual caves, which could be accessed by water, but they never dared to penetrate far into this mysterious place. But Tang Tinoro turned out to be bolder than the rest, and in 1887, together with the English scientist Fred Mays, he sailed into the dungeon on a makeshift raft and holding a candle in his hands.

The courage of the explorers was rewarded with a magnificent discovery – swimming a little further into the caves, they discovered the fantastic in its beauty the Grotto of the Fireflies… The intricate limestone formations of the vaults were completely covered with small luminous dots that flickered beautifully in the dark. The discoverers of the grotto have come back here more than once to better study their find.

Waitomo Glowworm
Waitomo Glowworm Caves New Zealand

In 1889, Waitomo Glowworm Caves in New Zealand became accessible to tourists, and Tan Tinoro himself took over the management of this business. Together with his wife Ooty, he conducted small-cost excursions for everyone, thus organizing a small family business. True, in 1906 the government took over the administration of the caves, but local residents are actively involved in the service of this tourist facility and receive their own small percentage of the profits.

Waitomo Caves New Zealand
Waitomo Glowworm Caves New Zealand

Waitomo Caves, New Zealand

Once upon a time, the ocean ruled on the site of the present caves. The water has created mysterious intricacies of passages and grottoes here. The bizarre growths on the walls are limestone and the remains of marine organisms – corals, sea shells, skeletons of sea fish. (more…)