Irkutsk Tourist Attractions - Russia

Irkutsk Tourist Attractions – Russia

Polish Church

The brick, Roman Catholic Church was built on the site of the burned down wooden church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose parishioners were mainly exiled Poles who were exiled to Siberia after the uprising in 1830. Work continued from 1881 to 1884. This church is the only building of the Gothic architectural style in Irkutsk. After the restoration, the organ hall of the Irkutsk Philharmonic Society was opened in the Polish Church.

Polish Church Landmark of Irkutsk
Polish Church Landmark of Irkutsk

White House in Irkutsk

The house was built by the sons of the Irkutsk merchant Sibiryakov in 1804. This building soon became known as the Sibiryakov Palace. The White House has been the richest and most majestic building in Irkutsk for over 100 years, and even now it makes an indelible impression on travelers. In 1837, the building was purchased as a residence for the Governor – General of Eastern Siberia. Since 1939, the White House has been serving as a scientific library of Irkutsk State University.

White House Irkutsk Tours in Eastern Siberia
White House Irkutsk Tours in Eastern Siberia

Monument to Alexander III

The Monument to Alexander III was erected in 1908 in honor of the completion of the construction of the Siberian railway. The area around the monument has become one of the city’s favorite public recreational areas. In 1920, the bronze sculpture of the emperor was removed from the pedestal. ESSD pledged to restore the monument to the 100th anniversary of the Transsib, which was done in 2003, the emperor again took his place on the pedestal.

The monument consists of the figure of Alexander III, standing on top of a pedestal. The pedestal made of red Finnish granite is decorated with sculptural portraits of three people who were directly involved in the conquest of Siberia: Ermak (date of birth unknown – 1585), the chieftain of the kosh. He did a lot with his campaigns of 1581-1585 to annex Siberia to Russia. Mikhail Speransky (1772-1839), Russian statesman, count, author of many bills and reforms in the early 19th century. In 1819 he was appointed Governor-General of Siberia, where he initiated a reform in the management of the region.

Upon returning to St. Petersburg in 1821, he became one of the founders of the Siberian Committee for Russian Affairs beyond the Urals. Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky (1809-1881), Count, Russian statesman, diplomat. As governor of the Yenisei province, governor-general of Eastern Siberia between 1847 and 1861, he did much for the development and study of Eastern Siberia. He contributed to the development of the region, the expansion of trade with the support of geographical and exploration expeditions, and was also an emissary of Russia and signed a Treaty with China in 1858. (more…)

7 Best Sights of Orvieto - Italy

7 Best Sights of Orvieto – Italy

1. Orvieto Cathedral (Duomo di Orvieto)

Orvieto’s main tourist attraction is a striking church with an unusual façade, completely different from what you’ve seen elsewhere in Italy. It seems that the interior of the temple was exposed to the outside – the alternating protrusions of black basalt and yellow limestone were decorated by the best artists and sculptors of the time, covering every surface with sculptures, stained glass windows and colorful mosaics. But unlike most Italian churches with mosaics adorning their facades, this is clearly and unmistakably Gothic in design, not a Byzantine church. Orvieto Cathedral is, in fact, one of the finest examples of Italian Gothic architecture. Intricate modern bronze doors made in 1969 belong to the hand of Emilio Greco.

Orvieto Cathedral
Orvieto Cathedral

2. Well of St. Patrick (Pozzo di San Patrizio)

Outside Fortezza (now public gardens) is the Well of St. Patrick, a 61 meter deep well with two separate spiral staircases arranged in a spiral along the walls. One ladder was built to descend and the other to climb donkeys that lifted water from the well, and the ingenious double helix design allowed them to move in both directions continuously without collision. In 1527, during the siege of Rome, Pope Clement VII took refuge in Orvieto, and it was on his instructions that this well was dug to supply water in case of a siege.

Well of St. Patrick
Well of St. Patrick

3. Torre del Moro

The quadrangular tower overlooking the heart of the old town of Orvieto, 40 meters high, was built at the end of the 13th century for defensive purposes, on it was an observation post for the city’s defenders. In the 1800s, it became a cistern for the new aqueduct system, and the clock was installed in 1876. The Torre del Moro a magnificent panoramic view of the city and its surroundings.

Torre del Moro
Torre del Moro

4. Corso Cavour

Orvieto’s main street, Corso Cavour, crosses the city from east to west and along it you will find some of the city’s main attractions. At the junction of Corso Cavour with Via del Duomo is the famous watchtower – Torre del Moro, opposite the 16th century palace of Gualterio with a beautifully decorated late Renaissance door. Apart from the massive 12th-century Comunale Palace, the street’s attraction is the beautiful façade of the Church of Sant’Andrea, with its 12-sided 11th-century tower. In medieval times, three popes were appointed in this church – Martin IV, Nicholas IV and Boniface VIII. (more…)

Top 10 Tourist Attractions in China

Top 10 Tourist Attractions in China

China is famous for its national cuisine, but pizza is not the last among the popular dishes. People here are dressed in the latest Western fashion, but no one has canceled the morning exercises in classic silk pajamas. The southwestern region of the Middle Kingdom is the most exotic, “hidden” from national progress. Tiger Leaping Gorge is often called a must-see for any mountain hiker and climber. The surrounding area of ​​the Li River is one of the most picturesque Attractions in China. The karst peaks that rise along the coast are the recognizable landscape of this country. The rare giant pandas are a real national treasure for the Chinese. A breeding center for these animals has been opened in Chengdu.

This is the Top 10 Tourist Attractions in China:

1. Great Wall of China

The Great Wall of China is rightfully considered the main attraction of China. The most visited part of the Great Wall of China is located just 70 kilometers from Beijing. This section of the Great Wall of China was built in 1504 during the Ming Dynasty, along with a military outpost, reflecting the strategic importance of the location in defending Beijing. The highest point is Badaling (北 八樓), approximately 1015 meters above sea level.

Part of the Badaling wall underwent restoration and in 1957 the first section of the wall was opened to tourists. The Great Wall of China is one of the symbols of Chinese civilization. In 1988 he was included in the UNESCO world catalog of cultural heritage.

Great Wall of China
Great Wall of China, Attractions in China

2. Potala Palace

Located 130 meters above the Lhasa Valley, the Potala Palace rises another 170 meters and is the largest building in all of Tibet. Construction of the present palace began in 1645 during the reign of the Dalai Lama 5. The Potrang Marpo, or Red Palace, was added between 1690 and 1694. The Potala Palace remained the residence of the Dalai Lama until 1959, when the Dalai Lama was forced to flee from persecution by the Chinese authorities.

Potala Palace
Potala Palace, Attractions in China

3. Forbidden City

The Forbidden City was an imperial palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties. It is located in the heart of Beijing and currently houses the Forbidden City Museum. The Forbidden City served as a home for the emperors of China and their families, and was also home to the Chinese government for nearly 500 years.

Built in 1406-1420, the complex consists of 980 buildings and occupies 72 hectares. The palace complex is an example of traditional Chinese palace architecture. The Forbidden City has been a World Heritage Site since 1987, and is listed by UNESCO as the largest concentration of preserved ancient wooden structures in the world. (more…)

Prague Landmarks - Czech Republic

Prague Landmarks – Czech Republic

1. Prague Castle

Prague Castle was once the home of the kings of Bohemia, and today it is the official residence of the President of the Czech Republic and one of the most visited tourist attractions in Prague.

Prague Castle is the largest ancient castle in the world. It covers an area of ​​almost 70,000 m 2, about 570 meters in length and an average of about 130 meters in width. The history of the castle goes back to 870 AD when the construction of the first fortress wall began, as well as the Church of the Virgin Mary.

In the complex of buildings of the Prague Castle, almost all architectural styles of the last millennium are represented. Prague Castle includes: the Romanesque Basilica of St. George, the Gothic Cathedral of St. Vitus , several palaces, a monastery, defensive towers and gardens. Most of the premises of Prague Castle are open to travelers. Currently, the castle houses several museums, including the National Gallery of the Collection of Bohemian Baroque and Mannerism , dedicated to the Czech history of the exhibition, the Art Gallery of Prague Castle, based on the collection of Rudolf II, and the Toy Museum.

Official website: www.hrad.cz

Prague Castle
Prague Castle, Prague Landmarks

2. Charles Bridge

Another of the sights of Prague is the Charles Bridge. Charles Bridge is one of the most recognizable of the old bridges in Europe, the magnificent Charles Bridge boasts 32 unique sculptures, most of them made in the Baroque style. Most of the sculptures were installed from 1683 to 1714. At the moment, there are exact copies on the bridge, and the originals of the sculptures are in the National Museum of Prague.

The length of the bridge is 520 meters, the bridge rests on 16 powerful arches. Charles Bridge is protected by three bridge towers , two of them are on the Mala Side (Lesser Towns), and the third is built on the side of the Old Town (Starostranskie) . The Old Town Tower is considered one of the most amazing Gothic buildings in the world. Built in 1357, the bridge has long been the subject of great superstition, including the builders who laid the first stone at the base of the bridge on July 9 at exactly 5:31 am. Each tour of Prague passes through the Charles Bridge.

Official website: www.charlesbridgemuseum.com

Charles Bridge
Charles Bridge Landmark in Prague

3. The Clementinum and the National Library

Clementinum, one of the largest complexes of historic buildings in Europe, is home to the National Library of the Czech Republic. These beautiful Baroque buildings were originally part of the Jesuit college and later became the Jesuit library. The library eventually became state property when the Jesuits were expelled.

At the moment, the National Library has a collection of six million books. The highlight of Clementinum is the exquisite Baroque Library Hall with its beautiful ceiling, the 68-meter A stronomical tower with its magnificent views of Prague, and the magnificent Mirror Chapel with exquisite decor. At one time, Clementinum was known as the third largest Jesuit college in the world.

Official website: www.klementinum.com (more…)

Top 10 Tourist Attractions in The World

Top 10 Tourist Attractions in The World

1. Pyramids of Giza, Egypt

The Pyramids at Giza are the oldest and largest pyramids in the world, but the main thing is that the pyramid of Cheops, the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, has survived to this day. And without a doubt, the pyramids in Giza deservedly rank first in the Top 10 attractions in the world.

These pyramids were built as tombs for the ancient Egyptian kings, these royal tombs reflect the strength and wealth of the ancient Egyptian civilization.

More popular than any other landmarks in the world, The Great Pyramids of Giza are located west of the Nile, near the capital of Egypt, Cairo. The Great Pyramid of Cheops is the oldest and largest, it was built as a tomb for the ancient Egyptian king Khufu (Cheops). It has a height of 137 meters, which means the Cheops pyramid was the tallest structure on Earth for several millennia, until the towers of the Cologne Cathedral were completed in 1880, and consists of 2,300,000 blocks, some weighing up to 200 tons.

The second pyramid at Giza was built for Khafre, the son of King Khufu. It was erected in 2592 BC, the third pyramid at Giza was built for Menkaur, the son of King Khafre.

Pyramids of Giza, Egypt
Pyramids of Giza, Egypt

2. Great Wall of China, China

The most popular attraction in China, one of the seven wonders of the world of our time. It is the longest man-made structure in the world and stretches for as much as 6,300 kilometers. Construction of the first part of the Great Wall began under Emperor Qin Shi Huang in the 7th century, and other parts of the wall were added by subsequent emperors of China at a later time.

Stones, bricks, compacted earth and wood were used to build the Great Wall. More than 1 million people lost their lives during its construction and it has become the longest cemetery in the world. More than 8 million people visit it annually.

Great Wall of China
Great Wall of China

3. Statue of Liberty, New York, USA

The Statue of Liberty is recognized as the main attraction of the United States, it is a symbol of Freedom, then why millions of migrants from Europe, to a country of great opportunities, sought. Colossal sculpture located 3 kilometers from Manhattan in New York. The statue actually represents the Roman goddess of Liberty and is a gift from the people of France to the United States.

It was designed by the French sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi and is a gift from the United States for the world exhibition on October 28, 1876. About 4 million tourists visit the Statue of Liberty every year. The height of this amazing sculpture is 93 meters, from the ground to the tips of the torch. (more…)

Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Florence

Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Florence

The capital of the province of Tuscany, Florence is the center of concentration of Renaissance art and architecture, as during the Renaissance, Florence served as a rich and important center of medieval trade and commerce. Florence is one huge open-air museum. It attracts millions of tourists every year.

1. Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore

Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore or Duomo Cathedral in Florence, the most famous landmark of the capital of Tuscany. The Duomo Cathedral is the end result of many years of work that span more than 7 centuries of history. The main architectural project was designed by Arnolfo di Cambio at the end of the 13th century, the dome, which has become a symbol for the whole of Tuscany, was created by the genius of the Renaissance Filippo Brunelleschi.

In 1293, the Florentine Republic decided to build a magnificent cathedral. The project was directed by Arnolfo di Cambio in 1294, and he solemnly laid the foundation stone on September 8, 1296. It was here that on the morning of April 26, 1478, Giuliano Medici was killed, and his brother Lorenzo the Magnificent managed to escape death at the hands of assassins.

Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore
Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore in the top 10 Attractions in Florence

2. Ponte Vecchio

Ponte Vecchio is one of the oldest and most photographed bridges in Florence. The famous three-arched bridge was built by the Etruscans and then rebuilt in the 14th century.

The footbridge is often teeming with tourists and street musicians, portrait painters and other street performers, creating a vibrant holiday atmosphere. There is a line of high quality jewelry stores on the bridge . Many tourists come here for shopping and photography. The night time is a stunning view as the lighting from the bridge reflects on the water. To visit all the sights of Florence, be sure to book a city tour.

Ponte Vecchio Landmark of Florence
Ponte Vecchio Landmark of Florence

3. Uffizi Gallery

The Uffizi Gallery, a must-see attraction in Florence. The Uffizi Gallery today, regarded as one of the greatest museums in the art world, the Uffizi Gallery is located at the Piazza della Signoria.

The Uffizi Gallery began to be built under the architect Giorgio Vasari in 1560, for Cosimo I de Medici , to house the offices of the Florentine judges, hence the name Uffizi “offices”. The construction was completed in 1581. When the ruling Medici dynasty gave up their power, the palace housed a museum that houses a magnificent collection of treasures of Renaissance art. The Uffizi Gallery, as a museum, was opened to the general public in 1765 and houses thousands of works of art by such masters as Botticelli, Leonardo da Vinci, Titian and Michelangelo

Official website: www.uffizi.com (more…)

Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Amsterdam

Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Amsterdam

1. Canals of Amsterdam

Canals of Amsterdam – This is the symbol and its main attraction of Amsterdam. The city has over 100 kilometers of canals, about 90 islands and 1,500 bridges. The three main canals, Herengracht , Prinsengracht and Keizersgracht, were dug in the 17th century during the Dutch Golden Age.

The canals form concentric belts around the city known as the Grachtengordel. The famous canals were dug to control the waters of the Amstel River. Amsterdam’s wealthy merchants soon found the canals to be ideal for showcasing their mansions and trade. It is a masterpiece of hydraulic engineering, urban planning and architecture. The canals of Amsterdam are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Canals of Amsterdam
Canals of Amsterdam, Attractions in Amsterdam

2. Rijksmuseum

The Rijksmuseum is the National Art Museum dedicated to the art and history of Amsterdam and Holland . The museum is located in the Museum Square in the South Amsterdam area, near the Van Gogh Museum. The Rijksmuseum was founded in The Hague in 1800 and moved to Amsterdam in 1808, where it was first housed in the Royal Palace and later in the Trippenhuis . In 2013, it was the most visited museum in the Netherlands with a record 2.2 million visitors.

The museum has over 8,000 pieces of art and history, including masterpieces by Rembrandt, Frans Hals, and Johannes Vermeer.

Official website: www.rijksmuseum.nl/en

Rijksmuseum
Rijksmuseum, Attractions in Amsterdam

3. Van Gogh Museum

Located on the northwest side of the Museum Square, the Van Gogh Museum is home to the world’s largest collection of paintings and letters from the artist, as well as paintings by his contemporaries. River Museum azmeschen four storey building, designed by Gerrit Rietveld in 1970, the museum is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Amsterdam. The chronologically placed work of the artist offers viewers a glimpse of the evolution of Van Gogh’s style. In 2014, the museum was visited by 1.6 million tourists and it is the 2nd most visited museum in Holland.

Official website: www.vangoghmuseum.nl/en

Van Gogh Museum
Van Gogh Museum, Attractions in Amsterdam

4. Begijnhof

The Begijnhof District, or courtyard, is another historic landmark in Amsterdam. The Begijnhof district occupies the central circle of land in Amsterdam’s circular canal system. In the 14th century, the courtyard served as a residence for Catholic sisters. The Begijnhof is not a monastery in the traditional sense, because women were free. The Begijnhof district is one of the most beautiful places in Amsterdam, now it is a courtyard with typical Dutch style houses.

Official website: www.begijnhofamsterdam.nl (more…)

Top 10 Tourist Attractions in South America

Top 10 Tourist Attractions in South America

1. Machu Picchu (Peru)

The first place in the Top 10 Attractions of South America is rightfully occupied by the foggy city of Machu Picchu, fanned by legends and myths, or Old Mountain in the language of the Quechua Indians. Mysterious ruins that everyone dreams of seeing, whose heart in his youth sank from breathtaking stories about the mysterious civilizations of the past.

Machu Picchu consists of two sectors – urban and agricultural. In the city, you can see the main attractions of this place: the Temple of the Three Windows, the Stone of the Sun and the House of nobles made of polished granite. This city is a living symbol of the ancient history of Peru.

Machu Picchu is a 15th century city located on a mountain range at an altitude of 2,430 meters above sea level in the province of Urubamba, 80 kilometers northwest of another South American landmark, the city of Cuzco.

Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu, Peru

2. Galápagos Islands (Ecuador)

Each of us knows Charles Darwin and his Theory of Evolution, it was the Galápagos Islands that prompted Charles Darwin to think about the Theory of Evolution.

Although the islands of the Galápagos archipelago are located 1000 kilometers from the continental Ecuador, they are a real attraction in South America. The archipelago consists of 127 islands, islets and rocks, of which 19 are large. 97% of the total surface of the Galápagos is declared a national park and only the remaining 3% of the territory can be inhabited by people, and only these 3% of the territory is open to tourists. About 30,000 people live on the islands and about 170,000 tourists visit the islands every year.

It is home to amazing animals such as giant turtles, sea iguanas and Darwin’s finches.

Galápagos Islands, Ecuador
Galápagos Islands, Ecuador

3. Amazon Rainforest

This attraction of South America is located in several countries, but mainly in Brazil. The Amazon forests make up more than half of the planet’s remaining rainforests and are considered the true lungs of the planet, and also include the largest and most biodiverse ecosystem in the world. More than 16,000 species of animals live on the territory of the forests.

Amazon Rainforest, Brazil
Amazon Rainforest, Brazil

4. Angel Falls (Venezuela)

Angel Falls, this is the tallest and most impressive waterfall in the world, many tourists will put Niagara Falls in first place, but believe me, the water falling from a height of almost a kilometer leaves an indelible impression, a sound that cuts to the bone.

To our great regret, this truly majestic waterfall is located in an impenetrable jungle in a not the most welcoming country in the world, it can only be reached by river or by air.

Angel Falls, Venezuela
Angel Falls, Venezuela

5. Atacama Desert (Chile)

The Atacama Desert, the oldest desert on Earth, is also the driest place in the world, especially in the vicinity of the abandoned city of Yungai. The average rainfall is about 15 mm per year, and in some places there has never been moisture. Such unique characteristics have developed due to two factors, high location and bedding between two mountain ranges, which makes it difficult for the flow of water masses.

Atacama Desert, Chile
Atacama Desert, Chile

6. Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

On the 6th place in our Top 10 Attractions in South America, there is the most famous city in South America, namely the magnificent Rio de Janeiro or simply Rio. If you want to feel the spirit of this continent, feel its atmosphere, Rio will give you such an opportunity, thanks to the enchanting carnivals and the cosmopolitan Copacabana beach. (more…)